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Air-Cooled vs. Water-Cooled Air Conditioning System Differences

28 August 2020

The main purpose of an air conditioning system is to provide the optimal temperature, humidity, filtration, and air movement set by its user for its indoor environment. All these elements can make a specific property, area, or room more comfortable for their intended purposes or functions. This system processes the atmospheric air by regulating its temperatures and moisture content levels.

Almost all air conditioning systems work the same way. However, one key difference that you may encounter in choosing or buying them is their cooling option. Two of the most common cooling options for the air conditioning system are air and water. Both cooling options can dehumidify and cool the air, but their associated qualities can affect users’ decisions and drive them to pick one between them.

Air-Cooled Air Conditioning System

An air conditioning system that relies on air-cooling removes heat from the unit by transferring it into the atmospheric air. It can also supply more cold air to achieve a much cooler interior temperature. If the cooling system is located outside the area, then the heat that comes from a room or space is typically sent outside through window units or any other openings. Alternatively, if the unit is located inside a room or space, then it will maximise an external exhaust duct or fan for the removal of heat.

An air-cooled air conditioning system only uses its fans to regulate the air for the needed cooling of a property. Therefore, it can be installed anywhere in a property. Be it outside or inside the property, this type of air conditioning system can easily cool the air. Just take note of the space it will be installed since it still needs a lot of fresh air. Installation is easy with an air-cooled air conditioning system. The costs of operating them are also lower compared to other types of air conditioning or cooling system.

Water-Cooled Air Conditioning System

A water-cooled air conditioning system, in contrast, requires a stable water source for it to supply the needed air condition of a room or area. This type of air conditioning system can consistently supply cool air room thanks to its complementary components and mechanisms like cooling towers, water pumps, and many more. The components of a water-cooled air conditioning system can steadily cool hot air and pump out cold air regardless of the drastic temperature changes in the surroundings.

As mentioned, water-cooled air conditioning systems can consistently provide cool air. However, obtaining this type of air conditioning system can be quite expensive because of its water source requirement, installation costs, and regular maintenance routine. Fortunately, using this type of air conditioning unit can be cost-effective for some since its components do not breakdown easily. It also only requires a smaller space compared to the needed space for an air-cooled air conditioning system. The differences between the two air conditioning systems can be exhibited through their required space, overall costs, a cooling source, and day-to-day performance. Choosing between them may also vary depending on the location of the property.

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